How Black Mothers “Successfully” Raise Children in the “Hostile” Canadian Climate

Delores V. Mullings, Renee Mullings-Lewis


This article explores mothering from the perspective of a middle-aged, Black Caribbean mother living in Canada and her oldest daughter’s experiences. Engaging a first voice account from the daughter, the article provides a view into the mothering style and techniques that the daughter experienced as a result of being mothered by a woman born and partially raised in the Caribbean, uprooted from her home in the immigration process, and who subsequently makes another home in Canada. The perspectives proffered by the two women’s voices highlight the struggles of Black mothering under the gaze of White Canadian parenting expectations.

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We are grateful to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) for its ongoing support of the Journal of the Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement.